At the beginning of the 5th century B.C. and before its development into a commercial port, Piraeus was founded, according to the suggestions of Themistokles, as a war harbour with shipyards, dry docks and other installations. One of the three natural harbours of Piraeus, the second one in size, is Zea, with the Bay of Freatida at its western entrance, a bay that owes its name to the many small wells of the area. A little later Zea became the biggest war naval base of its time and was surrounded by the ancient fortification of the town, the classic wall, remains of which can be traced back in the marina as well as in many other places of contemporary Piraeus.
Today, Piraeus is the largest port of Greece being the starting point to the Aegean islands, the Saronic Gulf and the island of Crete for millions of tourists every year. The area extending downward the marina from Mikrolimano until the Piraiki is the most commercial, lively and crowded area of Piraeus. Wonderful little harbours with beautiful restaurants, coffee shops and bars, offer entertainment during your free time.